LLM International Criminal Justice & Human Rights
This post was cross-posted from the Digital Freedom Fund blog. Jamie Robbins is a rising 3L at the Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law. She is interested in human rights law, and, more specifically, the intersection of human rights principles and intellectual property law.
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This summer she is interning with the Cardozo Legal Institute for Holocaust and Human Rights, where she is working with the Atrocity Prevention Legal Training Project to develop learning materials to advance the teaching of atrocity prevention in law school courses. She is excited to continue working on human rights issues this fall as a student intern with the Benjamin B. She graduated with high honors from New York University with a degree in film and philosophy. She has also been doing research for constitutional and international law scholar, Professor Deborah Pearlstein. Carly Wheaton is a second-year law student at Benjamin N.
Carly has always felt an innate need to advocate for others and promote equality amongst all groups of people, and so she moved straight from her undergraduate university to New York City to begin her law school career. Carly has a passion for family law, but at the end of the day her mission is to ensure that everyone is fairly represented, equally protected and, most importantly, heard. When Carly is not studying the law, her favorite pastime is to play tennis with her father and run philanthropic 5Ks.
My own chapter is based on the findings of an ethnographic research project, begun in , that examines how the ICC addresses the challenges of multilingualism. And 4 How do language and culture issues play out in day-to-day operations of the Court? It is clear that the International Criminal Court is an institution characterized by multilingualism at all levels. Not only do staff members themselves hail from diverse language communities, but it has two working languages and the situation languages bring many more modes of communication into the institutional mix.
I argue, however, that while the presence of, and need to communicate in, many languages may be obvious to those involved in the work of the ICC, the multiplicity of cultural understandings and stances that are a corollary to linguistic diversity may be less so. Sometimes cultural issues are easily recognizable, for example when witnesses are unable to answer questions about dates or time of year with specificity, or when victims of sexual violence must overcome cultural norms in order to describe their experiences publicly and in detail.
Culture tends to be ascribed to people and places in situation countries, while the powerful set of beliefs and practices that shape how the Court conducts its work in The Hague and communicates its messages outward remains under-examined by its very own actors. My contribution aims to lay bare a broad spectrum of cultural impacts found at the Court, using the perceptions and words of interviewees along with pertinent scholarship and published commentary.
Subsequent sections illustrate two categories of cultural phenomena that impact the work of the ICC — those that are explicit or largely recognized, and those that are more implicit in that they may pass unnoticed or not be considered cultural at all. Readers are invited to read my entire paper here. You can also read an earlier blogpost on this ethnographic project.
I welcome all comments and suggestions, as always. Colombia, and Latin America more generally, are contexts in which the exploration of these relationships is particularly urgent and relevant. In the case of Colombia, the implementation of the peace process with the Fuerzas Armadas Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia — FARC- and the demobilisation of its members has resulted in challenges and opportunities with respect to the environment. The purpose of this workshop is to explore the relationship between the environment, nature, armed conflict, gender and gender-based violence in the context of the WPS agenda.
This workshop aims to explore gender, peace and the environment through a number of different perspectives including academic research, activism and legal strategic litigation, with a particular emphasis on Colombia and Latin America. Papers are encouraged to consider one or more of these key questions, and both theoretical and empirical papers are welcome.
Abstracts of no more than words should be sent along with a biography of no more than 1 page. Abstracts in Spanish or English are welcome. The workshop will be for two days and is designed with one day each of discussion and presentations in each language. Deadline for Abstracts: September 9 th , This is only available to those participants within Colombia and is very limited. My article in the latest edition of the Brazilian Yearbook of International Law discusess the rise of nativism, populism, and authoritarianism in the world and the situation of foreigners and persons perceived to foreigners, including refugees and IDPs.
This article outlines the range of human rights violations and accountability gaps in each of the three scenarios faced by refugees, arguing that these are examples of structural xenophobia. It discusses normative gaps within international law and analyzes the role of compliance mechanisms in the UN Human Rights Treaty Body Regime and regional human rights bodies. The article underscores the risk of inaction by the international community in the face of discrimination against refugees, using the case study of Norway.
The conclusion suggests a way forward by supporting the proposal for a new Protocol to the UN Convention on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination addressing xenophobia. The Yearbook is available here. The third to die of five individuals accused of international crimes by the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia ECCC , his death raises important questions about the implications of the death of an appellant, as well as drawing attention to the threat of justice delayed becoming justice denied for victims of mass atrocities.
Nuon Chea was considered a significant ideological driver of the regime, and one of those primarily responsible for the forcible restructuring of Cambodia in pursuit of an agrarian revolution. These policies led to the deaths of an estimated 1. However, after several further years of negotiations between the UN and the Royal Government of Cambodia, an agreement was reached enabling the creation of the ECCC, established in to prosecute crimes perpetrated by senior leaders and those most responsible for crimes perpetrated during the regime. Nuon Chea was arrested on 19 September Alongside Ieng Sary, Ieng Thirith and Khieu Samphan, he faced charges of crimes against humanity, grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions of , and genocide.
On 23 November , the Supreme Court Chamber quashed part of the convictions but affirmed their life imprisonment.
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The Court may find that without an appellant, the appeal cannot continue. Such an approach would be in keeping with that of the International Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, where the Appeal Chamber in the Delic case found that as there was no appellant, no appeal could be made, and the trial judgment would therefore stand. While relatively narrow, this may suggest that at the ECCC, the death of an accused does not preclude the continuance of an appeal.
Under Article 35 new of the Law on the ECCC , the accused shall be presumed innocent as long as the court has not given its definitive judgment. Regardless of the outcome, the death of Nuon Chea prior to his appeal being completed draws attention to the risks for the rights of both defendants and victims in delaying the delivery of justice.
The ECCC has continued to be subjected to sustained critiques for the time it had taken to complete its cases, resulting in many victims, as well as defendants, dying before judgments were delivered. During my research into the perspectives held about the Court amongst survivors of the regime, the issue of expediency and a wish for closure was raised time and again. As with most academic programmes, please remember that it is possible that specific modules or programmes may not be offered in any particular year, because a member of staff is on study leave, for instance, or too few students opt for it.
Bangor Law School reserves the right to vary or withdraw any course or module. Module listings are for guide purposes only and are subject to change. For LLB graduates and those with a related degree, we normally require a minimum of a 2 ii degree from an approved University. Applications with degrees in unrelated disciplines will be considered on a case by case basis for students with degrees in other subjects.
Alternatively, possession of a suitable professional qualification or relevant practical experience may be accepted. In general, all applicants are judged on their individual merits. Work experience and other factors are also taken into consideration. Entry will require a qualification deemed to be equivalent in level to the UK bachelor degree.
For further advice and guidance about your qualification, please contact the International Admissions Officer. International applicants are normally required to provide evidence of English language proficiency. The minimum English language requirements will normally be:.
Responding to mass atrocities and human rights abuses - GSDRC
For information and further detailed guidance on entry requirements for International Students, including the minimum English Language entry requirement, please visit the Entry Requirements by Country pages on the International Education Centre section of our website. We strongly recommend you read these before you start to apply online.
Apply online. Once you have read the Guidance Notes you should apply using our Online Application form. Postgraduate Admissions: postgraduate bangor. International Education Office: international bangor. This will also give you more time to meet any conditions we may potentially attach to an offer. Ministries of Justice and Foreign Affairs. Having taken one of our programmes, there will, of course, also be possibilities for academically inclined students to pursue careers in teaching and research.
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