A core of leaders within the Irish Volunteers' were against this decision, but the majority of the men left to form the National Volunteers , some of whom enlisted in Irish regiments of the New British Army , the 10th and 16th Irish Divisions , the counterparts of the unionist 36th Ulster Division. Before the war ended, Britain made two concerted efforts to implement Home Rule, one in May and again with the Irish Convention during —, but nationalists and unionists were unable to agree to terms for the temporary or permanent exclusion of Ulster from its provisions.
The period — was marked by political violence and upheaval, ending in the partition of Ireland and independence for 26 of its 32 counties.
A failed militant attempt by the Irish Volunteers and the Irish Citizen Army was made to gain independence for Ireland with the Easter Rising , an insurrection in Dublin. Although support for the insurgents was small, the execution of fifteen people by firing squad, the imprisonment or internment of hundreds more, and the imposition of martial law caused a profound shift in public opinion towards the republican cause in Ireland. Unwilling to negotiate any understanding with Britain short of complete independence, the Irish Republican Army , the army of the newly declared Irish Republic, waged a guerilla war the Irish War of Independence from to In the course of the fighting and amid much acrimony, the Fourth Government of Ireland Act implemented Home Rule while separating the island into what the British government 's Act termed " Northern Ireland " and " Southern Ireland ".
In July the Irish and British governments agreed to a truce that halted the war. In December representatives of both governments signed the Anglo-Irish Treaty. In , both parliaments ratified the Treaty , formalising dominion status for the county Irish Free State which renamed itself Ireland and claimed sovereignty over the entire island in , and declared itself a republic in ; while Northern Ireland, gaining Home Rule for itself, remained part of the United Kingdom.
A Nation and Not a Rabble
For most of the 20th century, each territory largely aligned to either Catholic or Protestant ideologies, although this was more marked in the six counties of Northern Ireland. Separate unionist and nationalist historical narratives exist for the historic events in question; nationalist perspectives are further divided by the Civil War which ended the revolutionary period.
The Northern Ireland peace process , with its promotion of dialogue and reconciliation, has modified this separation. Its records were sealed until the last veteran's death in ; they were published online in This coming decade of commemorations, if well prepared and carefully considered, should enable all of us on this island to complete the journey we have started towards lasting peace and reconciliation. Twelve years have passed since the [Good Friday] Agreement. In the next twelve years we will witness a series of commemorations which will give us pause to reflect on where we have come from, and where we are going.
With the centenaries of the Ulster Covenant, the Battle of the Somme, the Easter Rising, the War of Independence, the Government of Ireland Act and the Treaty, the events which led to the political division of this island come up for re-examination. We will also reflect on the crucial roles played by the Labour movement in that defining decade.
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He later said "We believe that mutual respect should be central to all commemorative events and that historical accuracy should be paramount. The Oireachtas joint committee on implementation of the Good Friday Agreement discussed commemoration on 13 October , at which Ian Adamson said "The main problem that persists is one of two narratives.
A nation and not a rabble: the Irish Revolution, 1913-1923
There is a Protestant, loyalist narrative and a republican narrative. On 27 February , the Northern Ireland Assembly passed a motion: . That this Assembly notes the number of centenaries of significant historic events affecting the UK and Ireland in the next 10 years; calls on the Executive to ensure that these are marked in an inclusive manner; and further calls on the First Minister and deputy First Minister , the Minister of Culture, Arts and Leisure and the Minister of Enterprise, Trade and Investment to work together, with the British and Irish Governments, to develop a co-ordinated approach to the commemoration of these important events in our shared history.
Hugo Swire told the UK parliament in May that the Northern Ireland Office was consulting with the Northern Ireland Executive and the Irish government, saying "All these discussions underpin the need to promote tolerance and mutual understanding to ensure that these anniversaries are commemorated with tolerance, dignity and respect for all. In a debate on the programme in the Seanad in June , Martin McAleese said "It may be more accurate to regard not alone the decade from to but rather the year period from to , as representing the turbulent years that had such a dramatic impact on the course of our island's history.
- The Irish Revolution, - Military History - Oxford Bibliographies.
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There are approximately 62 events in that period which constitute the package of centenary celebrations, from the arrival of James Connolly in Belfast in through to the ending of the Civil War in A series of conferences, Reflecting on a decade of War and Revolution in Ireland — was organised by Universities Ireland starting in June Century Ireland is a website launched in May to track events as their centenaries pass, using both period documents and modern commentary. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see List of Irish uprisings.
Irish revolutionary period — Course Description.
Paul Bew - Independence Days | Literary Review | Issue
University College, Cork. Retrieved 7 July Dublin City Public Libraries. Archived from the original on 12 April The Irish Revolution, — Sligo. Dublin: Four Courts Press. Archived from the original on 14 July The Irish Revolution, Towards Commemoration: Ireland in War and Revolution Royal Irish Academy. Irish Times.
Retrieved 7 December The Irish Revolution and Its Aftermath, Irish Academic Press. Advertisement Hide.
Motivation: Why did they Fight for Ireland? The Motivation of Volunteers in the Revolution.
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